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'''Marcus Aurelius''' (; ;In Classical Latin, Aurelius' name would be inscribed as MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS. 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. Marcus Aurelius was the last of the so-called Nerva–Antonine dynasty#Five Good Emperors|Five Good Emperors. He was a practitioner of Stoicism, and his untitled writing, commonly known as Meditations|the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius, is the most significant source of our modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. During his reign, the Roman Empire|Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East: Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars, although the...
SuccessionRoman emperor|Joint 16th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign8 March 161 – 17 March 180
PredecessorAntoninus Pius
SuccessorCommodus
RegentLucius Verus {{small|''(161–169)''}}
Commodus {{small|''(177–180)''}}
Issue14, incl. Commodus, Marcus Annius Verus, Antoninus and Lucilla
DynastyAntonines|Antonine
Father{{plainlist|
MotherDomitia Lucilla
Birth date{{birth date|121|4|26|df=y}}
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